The American Cream Draft is the only draft horse breed developed in the United States that is still in existence. Known for its distinctive cream color and amber eyes, this breed stands out for its beauty and strength. Originating in the early 20th century, the American Cream Draft is celebrated for its calm demeanor and strong work ethic, making it a versatile horse for farming, show, and recreational purposes.
The breed’s foundation mare, a draft horse named Old Granny, was born in Iowa in the early 1900s. Her unique cream color, which is attributed to the champagne gene, became the hallmark of the breed. The American Cream Draft Horse Association was formed in 1944 to preserve and promote the breed. Despite a decline in numbers with the mechanization of agriculture, dedicated breeding efforts have helped maintain the breed.
American Cream Draft horses are known for their medium to large size, standing approximately 160 to 165 cm tall. They possess a muscular build, with a broad chest and powerful hindquarters. Their coat color ranges from a light to a rich cream, with a white mane and tail, and their skin is pink, with amber or hazel eyes. These horses are praised for their intelligence, willingness to work, and gentle nature.
Originally bred for agricultural work, today, the American Cream Draft is used in a variety of roles including parades, show competitions, and as riding horses. They are also valued for their ability to perform in harness and under saddle, showcasing their versatility and gentle temperament.
The American Cream Draft is considered a rare breed, with the population experiencing a decline in the mid-20th century. However, efforts by breeders and the American Cream Draft Horse Association have focused on increasing their numbers and genetic diversity. The breed is listed as critically endangered by the Livestock Conservancy, and conservation efforts are ongoing to ensure its survival and growth. These include promoting the breed’s versatility, implementing breeding programs to expand the genetic pool, and increasing public awareness of the breed’s unique characteristics and history.
American Cream Draft
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